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Shloka 5

In this Part we will explore the meaning of the fifth Shloka of Sri Vishnu Sahasranamam.

स्वयम्भूःशम्भुरादित्यःपुष्कराक्षोमहास्वनः |
अनादिनिधनोधाताविधाताधातुरुत्तमः || 5 ||

Shloka 5

Svayambhoos Shambhu RaadityahPushkaraakshoMahaasvanah   |

AnaadinidhanoDhaataVidhaataDhaaturuttammah                             ||5||

Purport:

Bhagavan is Svyambhooh, i.e. the one who exists by Himself. He has no dependence on others and He bestows happiness and joy on his devotees.  He is the energy and source of all radiance and lustre in the Sun. His eyes are like the Lotus flower whose splendour is described in the Vedas.  He has no birth, decay or death, and He supports this Universe. He generates the fruits of actions, sustains the whole Universe and is its Supreme controller.

This Shloka contains the following 9 Namas:

  1. Svayambhooh
  2. Shambhuh
  3. Aadityah
  4. Pushkaraakshah
  5. Mahaasvanah
  6. Anaadinidhanah
  7. Dhaata
  8. Vidhaata
  9. Dhaaturuttamah

Mahavishnu Bhagavan is Svyambhooh as He exists by himself. He bestows happiness and joy on his devotees and hence He is Shambhuh.  He is the energy behind the Sun and the source of all radiance and lustre. He is Aadityah, the golden hue in Sun’s orb.

His eyes are like the Lotus flower whose splendour is described in the Vedas, so He is Pushkarakshah. He has a deep voice and from whom comes the great sound, hence He is Mahaasvanah.

He has no birth, decay or death and He is Anadinidhanah i.e. eternal. He who supports this Universe, generates the fruits of actions and is the phala-Dhaata.

He is the Supreme Controller of the Universe and hence He is Vidhaata.  He is the Ultimate support for everything and hence He is Dhaturuttamah.